Language English Laurentian Maple Forest Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing features In nuptial plumage, the male is almost all black, with bright orange spots on the wings and tail. The female's back is olive brown. She has similar, but yellow, spots. The American redstart's bill is wider at the base than other warblers'. Reproduction These birds usually nest in deciduous trees, from 2 to 6 metres off the ground. The female generally lays 4 eggs, which she incubates on her own for an average of 12 days. The young leave the nest 8 or 9 days after hatching. Diet American redstarts feed on insects and spiders on leaves and branches, using a variety of hunting techniques. They also catch insects on the wing. Predators The adults are hunted by diurnal and nocturnal raptors. The eggs and young may be eaten by various mammals, including foxes, racoons and skunks. Habitat American redstarts nest in Canada and in the northern and eastern United States. They prefer second-growth deciduous woodlands, but also frequent mixed stands, forest edges, brushwood and orchards. Ecology, behaviour These warblers have a habit of fanning their tails and drooping their wings. When hunting on the wing, they resemble flycatchers. Like those birds, they have vibrissae on either side of their bills, which help to prevent insects from escaping. They also flush out their prey, flapping their wings as they advance along the branch, to drive insects into the open. They winter in Mexico, the Bahamas, the West Indies, Ecuador and northern Brazil. French nameParuline flamboyante Scientific nameSetophaga ruticillaPhylumChordataClassBirdsOrderPasseriformesFamilyParulidaeSizeLength: 12 to 14.5 cmWeightAbout 8 gLife spanRecord: 10 yearsStatusLeast Concern (IUCN). Abundant species.