Language English Tropical Rainforest Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing features This tamarin sports a large white mane on the top of its head. Its face is black, its back black or brown and its chest whitish. It has a long non-prehensile tail. Reproduction In the wild, the female bears a litter of twins once a year. In captivity, reproduction occurs every 28 to 29 weeks. Gestation lasts 140 days. The female reaches sexual maturity at 18 months and the male at 24 months. Diet Cotton-top tamarins animals eat fruit and insects found in the mid-lower strata of the forest. They also lick tree sap. The liquid in their diet comes from the fruit they eat and the morning dew they lick from leaves. Predators Their enemies are raptors, snakes and large cats, including ocelots and margays. Habitat They are found in three types of habitat in northern Colombia: the Chocó wet tropical forest, the Andean moist forest and the dry thorn forest savannah in the northern coastal plain. Ecology, behaviour They live in groups of 2 to 12 individuals, with only one breeding pair per group. The entire family cares for the newborns. These tiny monkeys have a repertory of over 38 different sounds that they use for communicating with one another. They help to disperse the seeds of the fruit they eat. Large numbers of these animals have been exported for biomedical research. Even if they are now protected the protection of their natural habitat (tropical rain forest) is the only way we might expect to save this species. French nameTamarin pinché Scientific nameSaguinus oedipusPhylumChordataClassMammaliaOrderPrimatesFamilyCallithricidaeSizeOverall length: 50 to 67 cm; length of tail: 30 to 41 cmWeight350 to 510 gLife spanIn captivity: up to 16 yearsStatusCritically endangered species (UICN) Threatened species, protected under a species survival program.