Language English Tropical Rainforest Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme de Montréal (Claude Lafond) Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing features The golden lion tamarin has long, golden fur, and an erectile mane; its long, slender fingers end in claws. Reproduction The female bears a litter of one or two young once a year. Diet This omnivorous monkey feeds on fruit, insects and small vertebrates. It helps to distribute the seeds of the fruit it eats. Predators Its enemies are raptors such as the harpy eagle, felines including ocelots and margays, as well as large snakes. Habitat The territory of golden lion tamarins has been greatly reduced by the destruction of the primary forest on the Atlantic coast of Brazil. A number of populations are living in isolated remnants of the primary forest. They prefer swampy forests where the forest canopy is dense. Ecology, behaviour The golden lion tamarin is an endangered species. The destruction of its habitat by humans has reduced its total population to dangerous levels. Only a few hundred individuals are still living in the wild. Thanks to an international conservation program, in which the Biodôme is participating, efforts to increase their numbers have been successful. But the work must continue, for the long-term survival of the species depends on the current population being increased by 70%. French nameTamarin-lion doré Scientific nameLeontopithecus rosaliaPhylumChordataClassMammaliaOrderPrimatesFamilyCallithricidaeSizeLength: 60 to 70 cmWeight630 to 800 gLife spanIn captivity: 15 yearsStatusThreatened species, CITES, Appendix I.