Language English Laurentian Maple Forest Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing features The longnose sucker has a long, cylindrical body and a ventral mouth with thick lips. Its back and upper sides are generally dark, while the lower sides and belly are pale. Reproduction It spawns in the spring, between mid-April and mid-May, as soon as the temperature rises above 5ºC. Spawning is often in shallow water, in gravel-bottom streams. The female lays from 17,000 to 60,000 eggs. Diet They feed on a wide variety of bottom-dwelling invertebrates: insect larva, small crustaceans and gasteropods. They also eat algae. Predators Young longnose suckers are eaten by different fish and birds. Larger specimens fall prey to northern pike. When spawning, adults are vulnerable to bears and eagles. Habitat This fish is found almost everywhere in Canada and the northern United States. It is the only catostomidae found in both North America and Asia. It lives in cold waters at the bottom of lakes and rivers, and sometimes even in brackish water. Ecology, behaviour At spawning time, two to four males flank the female and clasp her or vibrate against her. Each spawning act lasts only 3 to 5 seconds, but is repeated up to 40 times an hour. French nameMeunier rouge Scientific nameCatostomus catostomusPhylumChordataClassOsteichthyes (bony fish)OrderCypriniformesFamilyCatostomidaeSizeRecord length: 64.2 cmWeightRecord: 3.3 kg (for the above-mentioned specimen)Life spanEstimated at 22 to 24 yearsStatusCommon species. The most widely distributed cypriniforme in northern waters.