Language English Laurentian Maple Forest Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing features The mudpuppy is the only amphibian species in Québec to retain its gills as an adult. The back and sides are dark grey or brown, with black spots. The stomach is pale grey. Its tail is flattened laterally. It has five toes on each foot. Reproduction Mating occurs in the fall, and the eggs are laid under rocks the following spring. The female remains nearby, probably to guard them. Diet Mudpuppies feed mostly on crayfish, small fishes, larvae and insect nymphs. They may also eat molluscs, worms and bloodsuckers. Predators They are eaten by herons, water snakes and various fish species. Anglers are sometimes surprised to find a mudpuppy on the end of their lines. Habitat In North America, mudpuppies are found in the Mississippi and St. Lawrence basins, as well as in New England. They live in ponds, lakes, streams and rivers with rocky or pebble bottoms. Ecology, behaviour Mudpuppies are mainly nocturnal salamanders. They are active year-round. This species is thought to be able to survive in highly saline waters, an unusual feature for an amphibian. They also seem to be able to withstand water pollution. They can descend to depths of about 30 m. French nameNecture tacheté Scientific nameNecturus maculosusPhylumChordataClassAmphibia (Batracia)OrderUrodelaFamilyProteidaeSizeLength: 20 to 48 cmLife span20 yearsStatusLeast Concern (IUCN). Common species in Québec.