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  • Cornus alternifolia

    Alternate-leaved dogwood, blue dogwood

    This small tree may grow up to 10 m tall. Its thin, reddish-brown bark is smooth when young and separates into shallow ridges with age. The branches are shiny and almost horizontal.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Cornaceae
  • Fagus grandifolia

    American beech, red beech

    This 18 to 24 m tall tree is easy to recognize year-round, with its smooth, silvery bark mottled with diamond-shaped patches. It has slender shiny twigs.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Fagaceae
  • Lonicera canadensis

    American fly-honeysuckle

    This 90 to 150 cm tall shrub has a long, thin trunk. The edges of its thin, opposite, oval leaves are covered with hairs. They are green both above and beneath.

    Plant form
    Deciduous shrub
    Family
    Caprifoliaceae
  • Ostrya virginiana

    American hop-hornbeam, iron-wood

    This tree grows 7 to 12 m tall under suitable conditions. Its straight, narrow trunk is covered in greyish-brown bark, broken into narrow rectangular strips, loose at both ends.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Betulaceae
  • Tilia americana

    American linden, American basswood

    This 18 to 40 m tall tree has a trunk 40 to 80 cm in diameter. Its large dark green leaves have paler undersides and measure 5 to 15 cm across.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Tiliaceae
  • Viburnum cassinoides

    Appalachian tea

    This 1 to 4 m tall shrub has upright branches. Its thick, opposite leaves are oval, acuminate and finely toothed. The small flowers are clustered in a flowerhead with a noticeable stalk.

    Plant form
    Deciduous shrub
    Family
    Caprifoliaceae
  • Abies balsamea

    Balsam fir

    This 10 to 22 m tall tree has flattened needles arranged on either side of the branch.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Populus balsamifera

    Balsam poplar, balm tacamahac

    This 8 to 24 m tall tree has a narrow crown and large, ascending branches. Its roots are shallow.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Salicaceae
  • Corylus cornuta

    Beaked hazelnut

    This approximately 3 m tall shrub forms bushes. Its alternate, oval leaves are heart-shaped at the base and pointed at the tip.

    Plant form
    Deciduous shrub
    Family
    Betulaceae
  • Galium spp.

    Bedstraws

    These plants grow 30 to 200 cm tall. They have square stems. Their leaves appear to be arranged in whorls around the stem, but are actually opposite. They have stipules that resemble leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Rubiaceae
  • Acer nigrum

    Black maple, black sugar maple

    This 20 to 30 m tall tree has blackish-grey bark that is usually more deeply furrowed than that of sugar maple. Its leaves have 3 to 5 short lobes with a 10 to 15 cm long stalk.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Aceraceae
  • Picea mariana

    Black spruce

    This 5 to 20 m tall tree has short, four-sided, blunt-tipped needles, 0.5 to 1.5 cm long.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae

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