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  • Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb.

    Aechmea

    This plant appears in either epiphytic or terrestrial form. It has only a few, glaucous 49 cm long leaves, forming a dense tubular rosette. The leaves are leathery and have spiny margins.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous epiphytic plant
    Family
    Bromeliaceae
  • Arabis alpina

    Alpine rockcress

    This plant forms a 40 cm high carpet. It has lightly toothed, slightly downy leaves. Its fruit and white flowers are held upright.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Cruciferae
  • Cornus alternifolia

    Alternate-leaved dogwood, blue dogwood

    This small tree may grow up to 10 m tall. Its thin, reddish-brown bark is smooth when young and separates into shallow ridges with age. The branches are shiny and almost horizontal.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Cornaceae
  • Fagus grandifolia

    American beech, red beech

    This 18 to 24 m tall tree is easy to recognize year-round, with its smooth, silvery bark mottled with diamond-shaped patches. It has slender shiny twigs.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Fagaceae
  • Lonicera canadensis

    American fly-honeysuckle

    This 90 to 150 cm tall shrub has a long, thin trunk. The edges of its thin, opposite, oval leaves are covered with hairs. They are green both above and beneath.

    Plant form
    Deciduous shrub
    Family
    Caprifoliaceae
  • Ostrya virginiana

    American hop-hornbeam, iron-wood

    This tree grows 7 to 12 m tall under suitable conditions. Its straight, narrow trunk is covered in greyish-brown bark, broken into narrow rectangular strips, loose at both ends.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Betulaceae
  • Tilia americana

    American linden, American basswood

    This 18 to 40 m tall tree has a trunk 40 to 80 cm in diameter. Its large dark green leaves have paler undersides and measure 5 to 15 cm across.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Tiliaceae
  • Viburnum cassinoides

    Appalachian tea

    This 1 to 4 m tall shrub has upright branches. Its thick, opposite leaves are oval, acuminate and finely toothed. The small flowers are clustered in a flowerhead with a noticeable stalk.

    Plant form
    Deciduous shrub
    Family
    Caprifoliaceae
  • Pavonia spinifex

    Aranca-estrepe (Brazil)

    This herbaceous plant or shrub grows to an average height of 90 to 300 cm. Its somewhat elongated leaves are fairly pointed at the tip and have downy undersides.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Malvaceae
  • Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.

    Bacaba palm

    This single-stemmed palm grows up to 20 m tall and 15 to 25 cm in diameter. It bears 10 to 15 palms, up to 6 m long, and each composed of 75 to 115 pairs of leaflets.

    Plant form
    Palm
    Family
    Arecaceae
  • Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban

    Balsa tree

    This large tree with deciduous leaves can grow up to 30 m tall. Its trunk sometimes has buttress roots. It has very light wood.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Bombacaceae
  • Abies balsamea

    Balsam fir

    This 10 to 22 m tall tree has flattened needles arranged on either side of the branch.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae

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