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  • Dieffenbachia daguensis Engl.

    Dumb cane

    This approximately 1.2 m tall plant produces about ten large, leathery, oval leaves, borne on a fairly long stalk.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araceae
  • Dicentra cucullaria

    Dutchman's breeches

    This small 15 to 30 cm tall plant has a scaly bulb. Its thin, spreading and finely cut leaves are the same colour of green on both sides. They resemble carrot leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Fumariaceae
  • Solidago juncea

    Early goldenrod

    All parts of this plant are smooth. Its stiff stem grows 50 to 120 cm tall. The veins on the leaves are arranged like the barbs on a feather.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Tsuga canadensis

    Eastern hemlock, Canada hemlock

    This 19 to 25 m tall tree has flattened 1 to 2 cm long needles, each with a petiole, arranged in 2 ranks on the twig.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Larix laricina

    Eastern larch, tamarac

    This 15 to 22 m tall tree has pale green, flexible needles, 2 to 2.5 cm in length. They are spirally arranged along the branches, singly or in tufts of 10 to 20.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Thuja occidentalis

    Eastern white cedar, eastern arborvitae

    This 15 to 20 m tall tree has dark yellowish-green, scale-like leaves. They are pointed and borne in two ranks of opposite pairs, tight against the stem.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Cupressaceae
  • Pinus strobus

    Eastern white pine

    This 30 to 90 m tall tree is the tallest conifer in eastern Canada. It has 6 to 13 cm-long needles, in bundles of five. They are bluish-green, flexible and soft to the touch.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Dryopteris marginalis

    Evergreen shield-fern, wood-fern

    The leaves, or fronds, of this medium-sized fern (0.6 m) are bluish, and form crowns in rather sparse colonies.

    Plant form
    Fern
    Family
    Dryopteridaceae
  • Antennaria canadensis

    Everlasting

    This 5 to 40 cm tall plant has a woolly stem and leaves. Its spreading spatula-shaped leaves are grouped at its base. There are a few tiny leaves along the stem.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Compositae
  • Maianthemum racemosum (anc.: Smilacina racemosa)

    False Solomon's seal

    This plant grows from 30 to 75 cm tall. It has a zigzagging stalk at the tip of which is a flower head or cluster of fruit, depending on the season.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Liliaceae
  • Ficus maxima P. Miller

    Fig tree

    This large tree grows 7 to 25 m tall. Its branches in the crown are highly ramified and extended. Its simple, alternate leaves are 9 to 25 cm long.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Moraceae
  • Epilobium angustifolium

    Fireweed

    This large plant grows 1.5 to 2 m tall. Its stem is upright and branched above the mid-point. Its leaves are alternate, elongated and toothless.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Onagraceae