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Creating your biodiversity garden

Example of a massed planting for a biodiversity garden
Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Lise Servant)

This year, why not invite nature into your yard by planting a variety of flora, including native species?

This will attract many beneficial insect and animal species.

In addition to creating a garden teeming with life, you’ll be helping to protect biodiversity!

Before you start to create your Biodiversity Garden, we recommend reading our fact sheet on organic gardening entitled Basic principles of organic gardening.

Four steps for attracting more life to your garden

Step 1 - Start with the right conditions

Well-adapted plants

Be sure to choose the right location for the right plant species. A plant that needs shade and moist soil will be more vulnerable to disease and pests if you plant it in full sun in dry soil.

Consider the amount of sunlight and the soil characteristics of the site, the hardiness zone in your region and the space that plants will require when they reach maturity. Choose plants with good disease and drought resistance, as they will require less care.

Do not hesitate to ask for advice from specialists in nurseries and garden centres.

Step 2 - Cultivating biodiversity in the garden

A variety of flora

Diversifying plant species helps provide food, shelter and breeding grounds for beneficial insects, birds and many other small animals. Plant perennials, annuals, shrubs and deciduous and coniferous trees, depending on the space available. Make sure that plants are in bloom throughout the growing season and grow plants that produce seeds and fruit.

More native species

Plants that originate from our region are well adapted to our climate. Moreover, they attract fauna that is also native, helping to improve your garden’s biodiversity.

Buy your native species form nurseries and garden centres, do not remove wild plants from their natural habitat.

For more information:

Step 3 - Ecologically sound garden maintenance

Spotlight on composting

Whether purchased or homemade, compost improves the quality of your garden’s soil and balances its pH. It also provides nutrients essential to plants.

For more information:

Poison-free fertilizers

Natural fertilizers can be used to supplement compost. They are mainly used when plants are particularly greedy or in case of mineral deficiency.

For more information:

Smart use of water

Water your plants thoroughly, as needed (avoid superficial and frequent watering). If possible, collect rainwater in barrels or containers. Be sure to cover these with a fine mesh to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.

For more information:

Harmonious cultivation

Should you have problems with disease, pests or weeds, deal with them using cultural, physical, mechanical and/or biological means. Use low-impact pesticides as a last resort.

For more information:

Step 4 - Enjoy the benefits of your garden

Progressive change

Even under ideal conditions, beneficial insects and useful fauna won’t move in overnight. Biodiversity takes time to flourish!

A garden for nature

Now that you have an environment conducive to biodiversity, enjoy the show and watch life thrive in your little corner of nature. You can revel in your Biodiversity Garden, knowing that you have performed a concrete and useful action to protect the environment.

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