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Sub-Antarctic Islands

To the south of South America is an ice-covered continent: the Antarctic.
King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonica).
Photo: Biodôme de Montréal (Louis-Étienne Doré)


The landscape evokes the shore of a volcanic island lying between the Antarctic peninsula and the tip of South America. Basalt is the main rock formation.


The temperature is kept relatively constant, between 2ºC and 5ºC. The photoperiod (length of daylight) matches the natural cycle in the region.


No natural vegetation is present.


All the birds here belong to the Spheniscidae, or penguin, family. Four species can be seen, including king penguins. This collection of bird life is unique in Canada. The Biodôme is also proud of its success in achieving reproduction in captivity among each of these species.

Map of the ecosystem

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