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Scarabaeidae

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Grapevine beetle

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Pelidnota punctata

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These large, oval beetles are 1.7 to 3 cm long. Their colour varies from yellowish orange to reddish brown. Their short antennae end in clubs made of plates called lamellae, which unfurl into a fan.

Their elytra (wing covers) have three black dots on the side and a fine black line on the dorsal portion. Southern specimens have light brown legs, while northern ones have darker legs.

The fleshy grubs are whitish and C-shaped, and may be up to 5 cm long.

Rose chafer

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Macrodactylus subspinosus

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These elongated beetles are 8 to 13 mm long. They are tan or greenish, with long orange-brown legs. The wings do not completely cover the abdomen.

The whitish grubs have brown heads. In the soil they adopt a crescent-shaped position. In the final larval stage, they have three pair of long legs and are up to 13 mm long.

Japanese beetle

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Popillia japonica

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These beetles are recognizable by their bright metallic colours. The head and thorax are usually green, and the elytra (wing covers) are copper. There are five small tufts of white hair on either side of the abdomen. They reach 12 mm long.

The white grubs have brown heads and three sets of legs. They adopt a crescent-shaped position in the soil, and may be up to 32 mm long.

Scarab beetles

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These typically stout, broad beetles have an elongated or oval shaped body, and come in a variety of colours. Their antennae are clubbed and tipped with leaf-like plates called lamellae, which can be drawn into a compact ball.

Xylotrupes gideon

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Description

Xylotrupes gideon are among the world’s largest beetles; the males can be 6 cm long.

The males may be a shiny reddish brown, dark brown or completely black. They have two bifid (forked) horns. The first curves upward and projects from the insect’s head. The second, larger, horn is an extension of the pronotum (the front part of the thorax).

Young males are lighter in colour and have smaller horns.

The females have no horns and are generally a dull black.

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