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Theraphosidae

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Tarantulas

English

This family includes large spiders with bodies as big as a thumb and often even larger. Many species are quite hairy. Some are covered with special, highly urticating hairs that can be irritating on contact.

Theraphosa blondi

English

Description

These are the largest known tarantulas. They can weigh over 120 g and their legspan can exceed 25 cm, with bodies more than 10 cm long.

Unlike other members of the Theraphosidae family, these tarantulas have a rounded cephalothorax (joined head and thorax). The colour of their bodies and legs varies from medium to dark brown, with red hairs.

Pterinochilus murinus

English

Description

These tarantulas can reach 12 to 14 cm. Their bodies are from 6 to 7 cm long. They are recognizable by the sunburst pattern on the cephalothorax. The rear part of the cephalothorax is gold, and the rest is black and gold. The juveniles are grey.

Poecilotheria regalis

English

Description

The bodies of these tarantulas are about 7 cm long and up to 18 cm across. The cephalothorax is light coloured with two black bands in the middle, and the abdomen is dark grey with a yellowish-white band in the middle. The legs are banded grey and black.

Poecilotheria subfusca

English

Description

These tarantulas have dull black and yellow bodies with a light-coloured band characteristic of the species down the centre of the abdomen. The brown and grey legs have yellow markings. Males are duller coloured than females. P. subfusca are the largest tarantulas in genus Poecilotheria, with bodies up to 6 cm long and legspans of up to 14 to 16 cm.

Aphonopelma chalcodes

English

Description

The females are generally a uniform tan colour. The males have black legs, a copper-coloured cephalothorax and a reddish abdomen.

In the males, the body is from 5 to 6 cm across. The females are larger, and may reach 5 to 7 cm in diameter, with a legspan of 10 cm.

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