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Native plants for your garden

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New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
Photo: Jacques Ranger

There’s a huge range of native plants that can be easily integrated into a garden. Here we’ve gathered together, by category, a selection of fine examples from our part of the world. When you grow them you’re showcasing the beauty and richness of our flora and thus contributing to a greater awareness of it. You’re also offering food, shelter and breeding ground to pollinators, butterflies, birds and other representatives of our native fauna that you’ll enjoy observing right there at home.

Do not gather native plants from their natural environment. Instead, buy plants produced at nurseries.

Perrenials (sun)

  Latin name Attractions for wildlife
 Common evening primrose  Oenothera biennis  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 Common milkweed  Asclepias syriaca  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Common sneezeweed  Helenium autumnale  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 False sunflower  Heliopsis helianthoides  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds
 Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea  Attracts butterflies
 Seaside goldenrod  Solidago sempervirens  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds
 Slender mountain-mint  Pycnanthemum tenuifolium  Attracts pollinators and butterflies

Perennials (sun, semi-shade)

    Latin name Attractions for wildlife
 Blue vervain  Verbena hastata  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds
 Cut-leaved coneflower  Rudbeckia laciniata  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds
 Hairy beard-tongue  Penstemon hirsutus  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 Harlequin blue flag  Iris versicolor  Attracts pollinators
 Hoary vervain  Verbena stricta  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 New England aster  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Red columbine  Aquilegia canadensis  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 Spotted Joe Pye weed  Eutrochium maculatum  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Swamp milkweed  Asclepias incarnata  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 White turtlehead  Chelone glabra  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 Wild bergamot  Monarda fistulosa  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and hummingbirds
 Wild strawberry  Fragaria virginiana  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds

Perennials (semi-shade, shade)

  Latin name Attractions for wildlife
 Bloodroot  Sanguinaria canadensis  Attracts pollinators
 Bunchberry  Cornus canadensis  Attracts birds
 Canada violet  Viola canadensis  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Canadian wild ginger  Asarum canadense  
 Heart-leaved aster  Symphyotrichum cordifolium  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Heart-leaved foamflower  Tiarella cordifolia  
 Large false Solomon's seal  Maianthemum racemosum  Attracts birds
 Large-leaved aster  Eurybia macrophylla  Attracts pollinators and butterflies
 Northern maidenhair fern  Adiantum pedatum  
 Red baneberry  Actaea rubra  Attracts birds
 Two-leaved mitrewort  Mitella diphylla  Attracts pollinators
 Zigzag goldenrod  Solidago flexicaulis  Attracts pollinators and butterflies

Grasses (sun)

 

Latin name

Attractions for wildlife
 Big bluestem  Andropogon gerardii  Attracts birds
 Old switch panicgrass  Panicum virgatum  Attracts birds

Grasses (sun, semi-shade, shade)

 

Latin name

Attractions for wildlife

 Tufted hairgrass  Deschampsia cespitosa  Attracts birds
 Wavy hairgrass  Avenella flexuosa  Attracts birds

Climbing Plants (sun, semi-shade)

  Latin name Attractions for wildlife
Virginia clematis   Clematis virginiana  Attracts pollinators and birds

Climbing Plants (semi-shade)

  Latin name Attractions for wildlife
Canadian moonseed Menispermum canadense  Attracts pollinators and birds

Shrubs (sun, semi-shade)

  Latin name Attractions for wildlife
 Black chokeberry  Aronia melanocarpa  Attracts pollinators and birds
 Canada serviceberry  Amelanchier canadensis  Attracts pollinators and birds
 Common bearberry  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi  Attracts pollinators and birds
 Common elderberry  Sambucus canadensis  Attracts pollinators and birds
 Common winterberry  Ilex verticillata  Attracts pollinators and birds
 Early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium  Attracts pollinators and birds

Shrubs (sun, semi-shade, shade)

  Latinn name Attractions for wildlife
Alternate-leaved dogwood   Cornus alternifolia  Attracts pollinators, butterflies and birds

 

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