The Montréal Insectarium contributes to scientific advances through its research and its involvement in various programs:
- it conducts research into insect breeding techniques and the cultivation of host plants and has obtained some noteworthy successes, such as the reproduction in captivity of a rhinoceros beetle (Megasoma elephas elephas), a scientific first;
- in close co-operation with Environment Canada, the Insectarium acts as a consultant in enforcing CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora;
- one of the Insectarium's major research efforts is its involvement in the Monarch Watch program, monitoring monarch butterfly migrations in co-operation with the University of Kansas;
- the Insectarium maintains contacts with over 75 institutions around the world, and works to promote the exchange of scientific and technical knowledge through a huge network of correspondents throughout the international scientific community.