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Selecting species

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Arabis (here, Arabis caucasica 'Variegata') need full sun and cool soil
Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray)

The following table lists plants with attractive textures, shapes or colours and requiring little maintenance. They are also resistant to insect pests and diseases. Most of them are readily available from Quebec gardening centres.

Perrennials

Exposure: full sun

Exposure: full sun to partial shade

  • Euphorbia cyparissias, dry or cool soil. Can become invasive
  • Lysimachia nummularia and cvs, cool or damp soil, Can become invasive
  • Myosotis scorpioides 'Semperflorens’, cool or damp soil. Can become invasive
  • Phlox subulata, cool soil
  • Sedum kamtschaticum, dry soil

Exposure: full sun to shade

  • Aegopodium podagraria 'Variegatum', cool or damp soil. Can become invasive
  • Ajuga reptans and cvs, cool soil. Can become invasive
  • Alchemilla mollis, cool or damp soil
  • Aruncus aandhusifolius, cool or damp soil
  • Bergenia spp. and cvs, cool or damp soil
  • Epimedium spp. and cvs, damp soil
  • Hosta spp. and cvs, cool soil
  • Pachysandra terminalis, dry, cool or damp soil
  • Sedum spurium and cvs, dry soil
  • Tiarella cordifolia, cool or damp soil
  • Vinca minor and cvs, dry or cool soil. Can become invasive
  • Waldsteinia ternata, dry or cool soil

Exposure: partial shade

  • Heuchera x brizoides and cvs, cool soil

Exposure: partial shade to shade

  • Asarum canadense, cool soil
  • Astilbe chinensis 'Pumila', cool soil
  • Brunnera macrophylla and cvs, cool or damp soil
  • Convallaria majalis and cvs,  cool or  damp soil. Can become invasive
  • Dicentra formosa and cvs, cool soil
  • Galium odoratum, dry or cool soil
  • x Heucherella cvs, cool soil
  • Lamiastrum galeobdolon and cvs, cool soil. Can become invasive
  • Lamium maculatum and cvs, cool soil. Can become invasive
  • Mazus reptans, cool soil
  • Pulmonaria spp., cool soil

Ferns

Exposure: full sun to shade

  • Matteucia strupthiopteris, damp soil
  • Onoclea sensibilis, cool or damp soil. Can become invasive
  • Thelypteris palustris, dry, cool or damp soil. Can become invasive
  • Thelypteris phegopteris, dry, cool or damp soil. Can become invasive

Exposure: partial shade

  • Thelypteris nevoborescensis, dry, cool or damp soil

Exposure: partial shade to shade

  • Cystopteris bulbifera, cool soil

Grasses

Exposure: full sun to partial shade

  • Carex nigra, cool or damp soil

Exposure: full sun to shade

  • Carex flacca, damp soil

Exposure: partial shade to shade

  • Luzula sylvatica and cvs, dry, cool or damp soil

Shrubs

Exposure: full sun

  • Cytisus decumbens, dry soil
  • Euonymus nanus, dry soil
  • Genista pilosa 'Gold Flash', dry soil
  • Juniperus horizontalis and cvs, dry or cool soil
  • Pinus sylvestris 'Hillside Creeper', cool soil
  • Rosa 'Alba Meidiland', cool soil
  • Rosa 'The Fairy', cool soil
  • Spirea japonica série 'Carpand', cool soil

Exposure: full sun to partial shade

  • Cornus sericea 'Kelseyi', damp soil
  • Cotoneaster dammeri 'Lowfast', cool soil
  • Hypericum frondosum 'Sunburst', dry soil
  • Salix repens 'Voorthuizen', damp soil

Exposure: full sun to shade

  • Microbiota decussata, dry or cool soil
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi and cvs, dry or cool soil
  • Hedera helix 'Bulgaria', cool soil
  • Stephanandra incisa 'Crispa', cool soil

The abbreviations spp. and cvs indicate that various species and cultivars may be suitable.

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