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Construction of the cascade in the Reception Gardens, 1938.
Photo: Jardin botanique (Frère Marie-Victorin)

1929

Brother Marie-Victorin, a brother of the Christian Schools and President of the Société de Biologie de Montréal, gives a speech in which he proposes that a Botanical Garden should be created in Montréal. In the audience is Camilien Houde, the city's forward-thinking mayor and one of his former students.

1930

The Association du Jardin Botanique de Montréal is founded by the Société de Biologie de Montréal.

1931

Official year for the foundation of the Montréal Botanical Garden.

1932

March 12. Work starts on the Garden, enabling Camilien Houde to provide jobs for unemployed workers in Montréal hit hard by the Great Depression.

Architect Lucien F. Kéroack designs the administration building in the Art Deco style.

A small administration pavilion (which today fronts the administration building), service greenhouse and heating plant are built.

1933

January 16. Camilien Houde is ousted as mayor and work on the Garden stals for the next four years. The site is left in disorder and the greenhouses are even turned into a rabbit hutch!

1935

Brother Marie-Victorin's book Flore Laurentienne, is officially launched. Taking advantage of the fact that Camilien Houde, recently re-elected mayor of Montréal, is in the audience, Marie-Victorin reiterates the City's need for a Botanical Garden.

1936

May 6. The Botanical Garden springs to life once again! Brother Marie-Victorin is appointed Director. Henry Teuscher, a famous American botanist, horticulturalist and landscape architect, with whom Marie-Victorin had been working on the plans for the Garden by correspondence for several years already, is appointed Chief Horticulturalist. If Marie-Victorin is the founder of the Garden, Teuscher is its first designer. Work recommences and 2,000 men are hired.

1937

The main building goes up, according to the original plans drawn by architect Lucien F. Kéroack.

1938

Greenhouses for growing and maintaining the Garden's collections are built.

1944

July 15. Death of Marie-Victorin, who dies from injuries suffered in a car crash.

1954

A statue of Marie-Victorin is unveiled.

1956

Opening of the exhibition greenhouses.

1970

The Arboretum is created.

1975

The Société d'animation du Jardin et de l'Institut botaniques (now the Friends of the Garden) is founded.

1976

The Rose Garden is built.

1980

The City of Montréal hosts the Floralies Internationales de Montréal.

Mr. Pierre Bourque becomes director of the Montréal Botanical Garden.

1988

The Japanese Garden is built and opened.

1989

The Japanese Pavilion is built and opened.

1990

The Insectarium opens.

The Chinese Garden is built.

1991

The Chinese Garden opens.

1992

The Forest of the Montréals of France is created.

The Butterfly tent opens.

1994

Mr. Pierre Bourque retires as director of the Botanical Garden.

1995

The Reception Centre and the Molson Hospitality Greenhouse open.

1996

The Chlorophyll Room opens.

The Frédéric Back Tree Pavilion opens.

The Fuji Pavilion opens.

The Administration building is renovated.

1999

The Courtyard of the Senses opens.

Launch of the Montréal Botanical Garden website.

2001

The First-Nations Garden opens.

2002

 Inauguration of the Japanese Garden's Tea Garden.

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