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Carrots (Daucus carota 'Oxheart')
Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray)
Vegetable cm
between plants
cm
between rows
Days to maturity Companion plants Comments
Bean (bush) 5 30 50 Eggplant, Swiss chard, beet, carrot, celery, celeriac, cabbage, cucumber, corn, pea, potato, radish, tomato Seed every 15 days until July 15.
Bean (pole) 10 100 60 Carrot, corn, pea, radish Support with bamboo, wires, netting or treillis.
Beet 5 30 60 Garlic, cabbage-rave, cabbage, bean, lettuce, corn, onion, leek, radish  
Broccoli 40 75 40 Celery, onion, potato After the harvest, keep the plants for a secondary crop.
Brussel Sprouts 40 80 100 Garlic, Swiss chard, beet, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, bean, lettuce, onion, potato Gradually remove leaves to favour growth of the head. Pinch plant extremities at the end of August.
Cabbage 40 75 40 to 100 Garlic, Swiss chard, beet, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, bean, lettuce, onion, potato  
Cabbage (Chinese) 30 50 100 Garlic, Swiss chard, beet, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, bean, lettuce, onion, potato Direct seed at the end of June.
Carrot 5 45 60 Cabbage, bean, lettuce, onion, pepper, leek, pea, radish, salsify, tomato Seed every 15 days from beginning of May until June 15.
Cauliflower 40 75 70 Garlic, Swiss chard, beet, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, bean, lettuce, onion, potato When the heart reaches 7 cm in diameter, lift and bind upper leaves to whiten.
Celeriac 20 45 110 Bean, lettuce, leek  
Celery 20 50 100 Garlic, broccoli, cabbage, cucumber, bean, lettuce, onion, leek, tomato Shore the foot to blanch, two weeks before harvesting.
Corn 25 75 70 Beet, cucumber, pumpkin, bean, melon, pea, potato Seed at least two rows to favor pollination.
Cucumber 120 120 60 Celery, turnip (Kohlrabi), cabbage, bean, lettuce, corn, onion, pea, radish, tomato Place 5 seeds per seed hole. Keep 3 plants per seed hole.
Eggplant 40 60 70 Bean, sweet pepper, pea, potato Leave 4 to 5 fruits per plant.
Pick when the skin is shiny.
Garlic 10 30 80 Beet, celery, cabbage, lettuce, potato, tomato Plant very early in the spring.
Leek 10 80 90 Beet, carrot, celery, celeriac, spinach, onion Shore up regularly.
Lettuce (head) 30 30 70 Garlic, beet, brocoli, carrot, celery, celeriac, cabbage, cucumber, spinach, onion, radish  
Lettuce (leaf) 15 30 40 Seed early in spring or at the end of summer, otherwise it risks bolting to seed.
Melon 150 200 80 Corn Place 3 seeds per seed hole. Keeo 3 to 4 fruits per plant.
Onion 10 30 100 Swiss chard, beet, brocoli, carrot, celery, turnip (Kohlrabi), cabbage, cucumber, lettuce, pepper, leek, tomato Flatten stalks to the ground at the end of August.
Onion (bunching) 10 35 70   Plant onion sets in spring.
Parsnip 10 45 100 Radish  
Pea 6 80 70 Eggplant, carrot, cucumber, pumpkin, spinach, bean, corn, turnip (summer), pepper, potato, radish Seed every 15 days from the start of May until June 15. Support with a chicken wire, net or trellis.
Pepper (sweet) 30 45 60 Eggplant, carrot, onion, pea, tomato Green peppers are immature sweet peppers.
Potato 35 80 100 Garlic, eggplant, cabbage, bean, corn, pea Hoe and shore up regularly. Pick when leaves are dry.
Pumpkin 200 250 120 Lettuce, corn, pea, radish Place 3 seeds per seed hole. Keep 2 to 4 fruits per plant.
Radish 4 25 30 Beet, carrot, pumpkin, cucumber, spinach, bean, lettuce, parsnip, pea Seed early in spring or at the end of summer, otherwise it risks bolting to seed.
Rutabaga 15 60 90 Pea Pick when roots are 6 to 10 cm in diameter.
Salsify 10 30 130 Carrot Harvest after the first frost.
Spinach 10 40 50 Cabbage, lettuce, leek, radish Seed early in spring or at the end of summer, otherwise it risks bolting to seed.
Swiss chard 20 50 60 Cabbage, bean, onion Continuous crop on the plants.
Tomato 45-90 45-90 70 Garlic, carrot, celery, cucumber, bean, onion, pepper, radish Plant so that the first leaves are close to the soil. Remove suckers at the axil of leaves of indeterminated vines cultivars.
Turnip (Kohlrabi) 20 45 50 Beet, cucumber, onion  
Turnip (summer) 7 40 50 Pea  

Days to maturity: Variable according to cultivars and growing conditions. Calculate starting from the seedlings or transplanting.

Comments: Do not harvest leaved- and fruit-vegetables after a rainfall.

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