Monarchs are butterflies with orange, black-veined wings. Each wing has a black border with rows of white dots. Their wingspan of 93 to 105 mm makes them some of the largest butterflies in Quebec.
Males have two tiny black spots on the top of their hind wings. The black bands on the females’ wings are also wider.
Click beetles have slender bodies that are elongated and parallel-sided. They are usually brown or black in colour, and some have markings on their back. The posterior corners of their pronotum (area behind the head) extend backward and end in sharp points. A few species have large eye spots on the pronotum.
The larvae, called wireworms, are slender and hard shelled.
Crickets are black or brown insects over 13 mm long. They have long antennae, two compound eyes and grinding mouthparts. They have two pairs of many-veined wings on the thorax. The forewings are fairly tough. They protect the membranous hindwings, which are folded in a fan shape when at rest. Of the three sets of legs, the hindmost legs are the most noticeable, since they are adapted for jumping. Their femurs are particularly strong. Crickets have two sensory appendages called cerci at the tip of the abdomen.
Females have an ovipositor, a long cylindrical egg-laying organ, between the cerci.
Cicadas are often large insects from 25 to 50 mm long. Their bodies are generally black, brown or green, with markings of different shapes and colours depending on the species.
A cicada’s wide head is flattish in front, with a pair of large eyes, three small eyes (ocelli), two short antennae and piercing-sucking mouthparts.
There are two pairs of transparent, membranous wings on the thorax. The forewings are about twice as long as the hindwings.
They are smaller than our indigenous leafcutting bees (5 to 9 mm long, rather than 9 to 20 mm). They are stocky, with broad heads, and females have a ventral brush of short, stiff silver-grey hairs under the abdomen.