Language English Laurentian Maple Forest Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing featuresThe burbot has an elongated body with a chin barbel and a small tubular projection at each nostril. ReproductionThese fish reach sexual maturity at three or four years. They spawn in very cold water, from January to March, in shallow bays, over sandy or gravel bottoms. A 643 mm female may lay up to 1,362,077 eggs. The eggs take 30 days to hatch, at a temperature of 11°C. DietThe young eat scuds, caddisfly larvae and crayfish. Average-sized individuals mainly eat invertebrates and some fish. Burbots over 50 cm in length mostly eat fish, including yellow walleye, yellow perch and smelt. PredatorsThe young are eaten by smelt, yellow perch and other fish species. HabitatBurbots live in deep water in lakes in Central and Southern Canada. They are also found in large, cold northern rivers. In late winter and early spring, they move into streams feeding into lakes. In summer, they are found in the channels at the mouths of these streams. Ecology, behaviourBurbots are one of the rare species that reproduce under the ice, during the winter months. They are fished when they come together to spawn. They are not fished commercially. Burbots share the same territory and eat the same diet as lake whitefish and brook trout. These voracious eaters feed at night. French nameLotte Scientific nameLota lotaPhylumChordataClassOsteichthyes (bony fish)OrderGadiformesFamilyGadidaeSizeLength: 35 to 50 cmWeightAverage: 0.5 to 1.5 kgStatusLeast concern (IUCN- 2008).