Language English Sub-Antarctic Islands Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Photo: Espace pour la vie (André Rider) Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing featuresThis medium-sized penguin has a black back and white belly. Its black head has a white spot over the eye. The male and female are identical. ReproductionThe female produces one clutch with two eggs a year. Incubation lasts 35 days. The male and female take turns caring for the eggs and young. DietThey feed on krill and fish. PredatorsAdults are hunted by killer whales, sea leopards and southern sea lions. Young penguins and eggs are eaten by skuas, dominican gulls and striated caracaras. HabitatGentoo penguins live in the subantarctic zone of the Antarctic Ocean. They dwell temporarily on rocky islands, where they lay eggs, raise their young and moult. Ecology, behaviourThey find all their food at sea, coming to land only to moult and reproduce. They build nests of pebbles or grass. This is one of the few penguins that raises two young at the same time. The pair is remarkably faithful, and return to mate each year. Like all penguins, they are well adapted for swimming. The gentoo is an agile and very fast swimmer. French nameManchot papou Scientific namePygoscelis papuaPhylumChordataClassBirdsOrderSphenisciformesFamilySpheniscidae (penguins)SizeHeight: 76 cmWeight5 to 6 kgLife spanIn nature : about 20 years; in captivity, about 30 years.StatusVulnerable (IUCN).