Language English Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme de Montréal Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing featuresThe red-footed tortoise has a black carapace with yellow or orangish spots. Its plastron is yellowish brown. The scales on its head are yellow, red or orange. Its jaws are dark-coloured. ReproductionThis species mates year-round, but spawning occurs from June to September. The female lays up to 15 eggs in holes that she digs with her hind feet. She deposits 1 to 5 eggs at a time, several metres apart. Incubation lasts 142 days on average. DietThey eat mostly leaves, fruit, fungus, dirt and live or decomposing animals (mainly invertebrates). PredatorsTheir main enemies are humans. HabitatThey live in humid savannas and forests. They are found in tropical forests in South America and on some islands in the Caribbean. Ecology, behaviourBecause they mature late and have such a low birth rate, red-footed tortoises cannot survive long-term intensive exploitation. Like yellow-footed tortoises, they are caught for food or to be raised as pets. In Venezuela, they are considered to be fish and are eaten during Holy Week. French nameTortue charbonnière Scientific nameChelonoidis carbonariaPhylumChordataClassReptiliaOrderCheloniaFamilyTestudinidaeSizeLength of male: 18 to 39.6 cm; length of female: 21.5 to 33.7 cmWeightWeight of male: 1.2 to 9.5 kg; weight of female: 2 to 6.6 kgLife spanIn captivity: 22 yearsStatusVulnerable species (IUCN). Protected species (CITES, Appendix II).