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Conservation and restoration of North American Ginseng

North American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), foliage.
Photo: Biodôme de Montréal
Panax quinquefolius.
  • Panax quinquefolius.
  • Panax quinquefolius.

The national recovery plan for North American ginseng suggests that 40 natural, high-quality populations be conserved in Québec and Ontario, as a priority. Conservation and restoration of North American ginseng have been undertaken at the Montréal Biodôme since 1994. In 2004-2005, 38 conservation targets were identified in Québec and personalized conservation plans were prepared. Since then, these plans have been implemented. It should be noted that most conservation targets (17/38) are orphans and are not being monitored. There is an urgent need to evaluate the implementation of conservation plans with local stakeholders (NGOs or site managers) and adjust them as necessary.

At present, the project aims to:

  1. Increase conservation efforts for orphan targets
  2. Offer ginseng conservation and restoration training to local NGOs and key site managers (including a reference guide)
  3. Evaluate the implementation of 2004-2006 conservation plans
  4. Conduct inventories for 10 priority targets that have not been reviewed since 2006
  5. Offer scientific and technical support to NGOs involved in monitoring priority conservation targets.

These actions will contribute to a significant advancement of wild ginseng conservation and restoration in its distribution area in Québec.

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