Greenhouse The miniature trees of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray) The miniature trees of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray) The landscape of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Michel Tremblay Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray) Winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum 'Nanum') Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray) The ambience of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Gilles Murray) The ambience of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (André Rider) The ambience of the Garden of Weedlessness Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Émilie Tanguay-Pelchat) OngletsDescriptionThe Garden of Weedlessness lies beyond the moon-shaped doors. A footbridge arching over ponds, boulders and plants offers a bird's-eye view of the landscape. This is the domain of the penjings, the miniature trees that embody the Chinese art of living sculpture. This greenhouse is designed in 1985 to accommodate the superb collection of penjing donated by Mr. Wu Yee-Sun of Hong Kong, an eminent bonsai expert and intellectual master of the Lingnan School of Southern China. The bridge is a standard feature in Oriental gardens. In Chinese tradition, a bridge in a garden prevents evil spirits from crossing it. One of the walls is punctuated by windows with rosewood floral motifs, each representing a plant with a special meaning. For instance, the pine symbolizes dignity and majesty; the orchid, refinement and nobility; the apricot tree, chastity and sturdiness; and the bamboo, fidelity, humility, wisdom and sweetness. Area352 m²TemperatureSummer temperatures, daytime: 21°C, nighttime: 20°C. Winter temperatures, daytime: 5°C, nighttime: 5°C For more informationBonsai and penjingIndoor bonsaiBamboo in Daily Life Map Shade garden Flowery Brook and Lilacs Frédéric Back Tree Pavilion Aquatic Garden Reception Gardens Peace Garden Courtyard of the Senses Chinese Garden Youth Gardens Alpine Garden Japanese Garden Leslie Hancock Garden Shrub Garden Toxic plantsMedicinal plantsMonastery GardenQuébec Corner Garden of Innovations Economic (Useful) Plant Garden Perennial Garden Arboretum Rose Garden First Nations Garden HistoryHistoryIn October 1984, Mr. Wu donated 30 of his miniatures trees to the Montréal Botanical Garden in an effort to help spread Chinese culture throughout the world. The trees are unique in the beauty and represent several generations of devotion and labor of men living in harmony with nature. Did you know?Did you know?Penjing: A traditional Chinese art The art of growing miniature trees (penjings) in containers originated in China over 1,700 years ago. It became especially popular during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties and made its way to Japan in the 11th century. It is thanks to Japan that growing miniature potted trees (bonsai in Japanese) now enjoys such tremendous international popularity. Why do penjing stay so small? Penjing are ordinary trees, not hereditary dwarfs. These plants sometimes grow quite tall in the wild. The first penjing were plants collected in the wild. They had been dwarfed and shaped over the years by severe weather and their harsh environment. The penjing grown by enthusiasts today are deliberately kept small. Their roots and branches must be pruned repeatedly and new shoots pinched back frequently. The art of penjing lies not only in dwarfing these trees, but also in training them into aesthetically pleasing shapes. Penjing are veritable living sculptures.