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American basswood

  • Native Plants,
  • Trees and Shrubs
American basswood (Tilia americana), also known as linden
Photo: Jardin botanique de Montréal (Normand Fleury)
Tilia americana.
  • Tilia americana.
  • Tilia americana.



Origin and description

Lindens are deciduous trees widely used in ornamentation. They have a very attractive foliage, fragrant summer blossoms, and an even shape that makes for easy maintenance.

American basswood is a tree of upright bearing with ascending arched branches. It can reach a height of 25 m. in good conditions. Its heart-shaped leaves are much larger than those of the littleleaf linden (Tilia cordata). American basswood produces very fragrant creamy yellow flowers that bloom in late June, in pedunculated bouquets of 5-10 flowers attached to a leaf bract. It also produces a round fruit capsule that drops off in autumn with the falling leaves.

Common name

American basswood

Latin name (genus)

Tilia americana

English common name

French common name

Botanical family

  • Tiliaceae

Growing conditions

Rapid growth. Prefers deep soils.


Use in groupings or individually in large open spaces or for naturalization.


  • Zone 3a

See also

Pests and diseases
Physiological disorders

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