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Question mark

Polygonia interrogationis

The question mark is one of the largest and loveliest of the Polygonia butterflies. Its wings are rust-coloured with many black and pale lilac spots close to the edges. The silver mark shaped like a question mark on the underside of its lower wings is where it gets its English and Latin name. A narrow lilac band runs around the edge of the top side of its wings, while the underside is a uniform shade of rust. The butterfly’s wingspan ranges from 4.5 to 6.5 cm.

Painted lady

Vanessa cardui

This beautiful butterfly has orange wings with black and white spots. The brown colouring of the butterfly’s thorax extends to the inner area of its wings. The back of its wings is lighter in colour and the edge of the lower wing has a row of eyespots.

White admiral

Limenitis arthemis arthemis

The caterpillar and chrysalid of this butterfly look like bird droppings, which protects them from predators. Adults have two pairs of black wings with white stripes. The edge of their bottom wings features reddish-orange and blue spots. The front and back of their wings are different colours, but both sides feature white bands that look like an admiral’s stripes. Their wingspan ranges from 47 to 78 mm. Females look like males, except slightly bigger.

Tent caterpillars


Lasiocampidae is a family of moths of various sizes whose colour is generally dark, with stripes in different shades of brown. Some species are shaped like leaves. Their bodies often look too big for their wings. Their proboscis is reduced in size and non-functional.

Caterpillars are very hairy, and the sides of their bodies often have tufts of longer hair.

Praying mantids

Mantis religiosa

These are large insects, from 4.7 to 5.6 cm long, pale green to greyish-brown in colour. They are easily recognizable by their characteristic grasping forelegs, adapted to capturing prey, and their long “neck,” or prothorax.

The very mobile head has a pair of antennae and ends in a small mouth. With their large compound eyes and three simple eyes, praying mantids have exceptionally good vision for insects.

Two pairs of wings are attached to the thorax. Long, slender forewings protect the second pair of wings, normally folded, that open up like fans.

Females are much larger than males.

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