Planets visible to the naked eye
Here's a look at the planets that will be observable with the naked eye in the coming days. Follow these guidelines to find out where and when to look for them.
From January 23 to February 6, 2023
Mercury is visible at dawn until February 12. The tiny planet appears as a dot of light about 10 degrees above the southeast horizon, 45 minutes before sunrise.
Venus is the very bright Evening Star that shines in the southwest 30 minutes after sunset. On January 23 at dusk, the thin lunar crescent hangs 7 degrees to the upper left of Venus, while fainter Saturn shines 1¼ degrees to its lower right.
Mars is receding from Earth but remains very bright at the moment. The Red Planet appears high in the southeast at dusk, culminates around 8:00 p.m., shining brightly almost 70 degrees high in the south, and vanishes below the west-northwest horizon around 3:30 a.m. During the night of January 30 to 31, the waxing gibbous Moon approaches within ¼ degree of Mars.
Jupiter appears during twilight about 40 degrees above the southwestern horizon and vanishes in the west around 9:30 p.m. During the evening of January 25, the waxing crescent Moon comes within 2½ degrees of the bright Giant Planet before the duo sets.
Saturn appears lower and lower in the west-southwest at nightfall. Look for the Ringed Planet to the lower right of much brighter Venus, about one hour after sunset. Saturn will vanish in the glare of the Sun during the first half of February.